Sustainable Material Innovations (session 2/research & reflection to the lecture)

 

Here we go again!

 

Last week’s lecture was about the consideration of consumption and waste, global sustainability and how people impact on the planet. The lecture made me wonder how many tons of waste is thrown away in London, but not only in London, think about other countries…
The vast majority of the world’s population does not think about where these tons of waste are transported and what exactly happens with them. During the lecture, I thought of old buildings, are they destroyed, and if yes, what happens to all these waste materials? Are they recycled and reused?
When buildings are demolished, a great deal of material is produced in most countries lead to a large amount of waste. This leads to a big one impact on the environment. One solution to this problem is the use of waste products from demolition in the new construction. Waste from construction and demolition can be studied as “raw materials for processing”. Waste products are materials that are generally positive and fit for re-use after collection and processing. After processing, waste products become secondary raw materials.
Reuse and recycling of materials are not new. Waste materials such as metals, wood and paper are reused for a long time.

I will give few examples:

 

I have read some articles telling stories about the lives of people living in poverty, who have no roof over their heads. This project tells about the lives of residents in India. RE-MATERIAL is a company that creates a unique modular roofing system. They have invented a solution for the residents in India.

They have improved homes or even created new ones with the use of cheap modular panel system, which is made out of cardboard waste and coconut fibres. I think all designers should think the same way as RE-MATERIALS, because as a designer, create new styles of living and somehow change someone’s life for better.

https://inhabitat.com/modroof-low-budget-cardboard-roofing-that-doesnt-leak-during-monsoon-season/

Do you have a problem with your car tyres? Are you tired of changing them? If so, check out this impressing project!

A tire that REPAIRS ITSELF? That sounds impossible…

But guess what… it now exists!

Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) invented a rubber with both covalent and reversible bonds that are capable of repairing itself.
The self-healing type spreads stress, so there is no localized point of trauma which causes cracking. After the stress is reduced, the material “snaps back” to its original form and the cracks repair themselves.


https://inhabitat.com/harvard-researchers-just-developed-self-healing-rubber/

 

 

Do you like wine?

I am surprised by this project because I’ve seen only bags and notebooks that are made out of cork, I have never seen a cork tile. How does it look like?!

The below image shows a tile that was created only by combining recycled granulated cork with whole wine corks. I am impressed not only because it is a useful product, but also because the surface texture looks amazing. It looks like a rough texture but I guess that it is soft.

What do you think?

http://www.citymetric.com/skylines/9-building-materials-made-entirely-waste-products-932

 

Referencing:

Year published: 2017
Page Title: Modroof: low-budget cardboard roofing that doesn’t leak during monsoon season
Website name: Inhabitat.com
URL: https://inhabitat.com/modroof-low-budget-cardboard-roofing-that-doesnt-leak-during-monsoon-season/
Access date: 26 Oct 2017

 

Year published: 2017
Page Title: A Cheap Modular System Will Provide Better Shelter To Indians With Shoddy Metal Roofs | Fast Company
Website name: Fast Company
URL: https://www.fastcompany.com/3050271/a-cheap-modular-system-will-provide-better-shelter-indians-with-shoddy-metal-roofs
Access date: 26 Oct 2017

 

Year published: 2017
Page Title: Home
Website name: ReMaterials
URL: http://re-materials.com/
Access date: 26 Oct 2017

 

Year published: 2017
Page Title: Harvard researchers just developed self-healing rubber
Website name: Inhabitat.com
URL: https://inhabitat.com/harvard-researchers-just-developed-self-healing-rubber/
Access date: 26 Oct 2017

 

Year published: 2017
Page Title: 9 building materials made entirely from waste products
Website name: CityMetric
URL: http://www.citymetric.com/skylines/9-building-materials-made-entirely-waste-products-932
Access date: 26 Oct 2017

 

 

 

 

EXAMPLES OF INNOVATIVE MATERIALS (session 1)

Welcome to my blog!
This is where I publish texts and image examples related to different materials. The goal of the blog is to provide information about different types of materials, from soft ( ex. Cotton) to rough materials ( ex. Brick ) and a focus on creating materials.
Let’s leave the introduction and start with my first post!  🙂
After an informative lecture at UAL, I now think differently about the materials. I begin to think about the environment from which they come. I even start deeply considering which will be the right material for the construction of my university projects.

“Products are fleeting, only materials last forever.” – Chapman, 2016

Today’s lecture explained about the variety of materials, from raw materials (examples of raw materials and their process) to synthetic/technical, natural and innovative materials.

http://www.thyssenkrupp-materials-services.com/en/contact/thyssenkrupp-raw-materials-usa-a-division-of-tk-materials-na-inc

Unlike other living creatures, man has always defended himself from nature through clothing and buildings. Besides animal skins, building materials are the oldest category of materials used by man to continue its existence.

https://buildcommonwealth.org/work/prize-linked-savings

Construction uses a wider variety of materials, unlike any other industry, including metals, ceramics, plastics, natural materials such as wood and stone, and others. In addition, building materials are not high-tech types of materials and they are not dear. Compared to other industries, building materials are usually among the cheapest.

Facts that we have to consider

 

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/christine-hassler/are-you-addicted-to-think_b_6061138.html

Have you ever wondered how a certain material affects the environment?

When choosing materials it is important to consider their impact on the environment!
Modern construction materials often imply a greater impact on the environment, for that reason, my opinion is that the natural materials are for preferably.

                               ”Earth was created for all of us, not some of us.”


https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/john_muir

Today, I will give two examples of materials that are not completely natural materials, but are very useful to humans and one of them is PLASTIC. Here is a quick explanation of the process:



http://www.cleanwaterfund.org/features/reducing-plastic-bottles-events

  • A resin is the main ingredient that is used in the process making of plastic. Resin gives to the plastic stretchiness and durability as it contains additives. The most resins used are B et Nylon 6 and Nylon 6.6.
  • Each of the resins contains chemicals that later they are mixed together.
  • After they are mixed together, they are added to the resin.
  • Once the resin and the chemicals are mixed together they are melted in plastic strands.
  • The plastic stands have to be colled down into a water bath.
  • Once they are colled down, the next step is to be cut and shout out of a machine in pellet form.
  • The last step is to separate the pellets by size, after that they are ready for packaging!



My second example is MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard). MDF is a product manufactured by glueing together wood fibre using synthetic adhesive and it is used for many purposes: flooring, furniture, wall panels etc.

http://www.hnvent.com/Mdf-Boards.html

Process:

  • First step: wood chipping into uniform sizes.
  • Transportation to a wood shipyard for storage.
  • Wood washing: remove contamination such as death and sin.
  • IMPORTANT STEP: after the wood is washed, it goes through a magnet machine to remove metal and iron scraps (that reduce tool wear maintenance costs and operation downtime).
  • Next step, wood chips go through a steaming process inside a pre-heater to soften them.
  • Adhesives: used to stick the fibre strongly together.
  • Fibre drying: removing moisture in fibres.
  • Mat-forming: dry fibres from a storage bin; they are spread at a consistent way to form a continuous fibre.
  • Pre-compression: release aircraft inside the fibre mat in order to create a good and even surface.
  • Hot press: convert into raw boards with required board thickness.
  • Cooling
  • The last step is to be created a fine surface finish.Nowadays, if you are curious how your bag was made, you can find a lot of information about the materials used and their process with just one click of your mouse. ( Ps. That is why blogs exist!  🙂 ) 

I hope you enjoyed reading my blog!

Referencing:

 

Year published: 2017
Page Title: Manufacturing of Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF)
Website name: YouTube
URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZRE1L7anoss
Access date: 25 Oct 2017

Year published: 2017
Page Title: How it’s Made: Plastic
Website name: YouTube
URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r4Q22ApGdd8
Access date: 25 Oct 2017

Year published: 2017
Page Title: ThyssenKrupp Raw Materials USA – a division of ThyssenKrupp Materials NA
Website name: Thyssenkrupp-materials-services.com
URL:  http://www.thyssenkrupp-materials-services.com/en/contact/thyssenkrupp-raw-materials-usa-a-division-of-tk-materials-na-inc
Access date: 25 Oct 2017

Year published: 2017
Page Title: Prize-Linked Savings |  Projects | Commonwealth
Website name: Buildcommonwealth.org
URL: https://buildcommonwealth.org/work/prize-linked-savings
Access date: 25 Oct 2017

Year published: 2017
Page Title: Are You Addicted to Thinking?
Website name: HuffPost
URL: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/christine-hassler/are-you-addicted-to-think_b_6061138.html
Access date: 25 Oct 2017

Year published: 2017
Page Title: John Muir Quotes – BrainyQuote
Website name: BrainyQuote
URL: https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/john_muir 
Access date: 25 Oct 2017

Year published: 2017
Page Title: Reducing Plastic Bottles at Events
Website name: Clean Water Fund
URL: http://www.cleanwaterfund.org/features/reducing-plastic-bottles-events
Access date: 25 Oct 2017

Year published: 2017
Page Title: HN Ventures
Website name: Hnvent.com
URL: http://www.hnvent.com/Mdf-Boards.html
Access date: 25 Oct 2017